While the majority of people will find it difficult to identify the difference between porcelain tiles and ceramic tiles. It is because of the similarities between the two of them not in the case of looks but in the case of texture also. It is very difficult from a general customer point of view to identify the between them. However, there are some key differences between the two tiles which you are most likely to consider while choosing the better flooring option.
The method of manufacture is the primary distinction between porcelain and ceramic tile. Both types of tiles are created from a clay mixture and heated in a kiln, but porcelain tiles are created from finer clay and heated more intensely. As a result, it is denser and tougher than ceramic tile. Because of this, porcelain tile costs more than ceramic tile and is often seen as being of superior quality. Porcelain tiles are probably your best choice if you're seeking the greatest tile flooring options.
Let’s explore the key differences between porcelain tiles and ceramic tiles.
Composition And Manufacturing Process
Ceramic tiles are primarily manufactured from the appropriate ratio of clay, talc, and sand. They are more lightweight when compared to porcelain tiles. Ceramic tiles are comparatively heated at a lower temperature of about 900-1100°C thus creating a less dense product when compared to porcelain tile which is heated over a temperature of 1200°C. The product formed after heating is a much more dense and hard material than ceramic tiles. However, on the other hand, porcelain tiles are made from compounds like clay, sand, and feldspar.
Overall, there are some major differences between the manufacturing process of both of the tiles even if the person cannot find many differences visually.
Durability And Water Resistance
While porcelain clays are dense and less porous, ceramic clays are more porous. Because of this, porcelain tile outperforms ceramic tile in terms of toughness and water resistance. Due to its through-body composition, it is believed to be more durable and more suited for severe use than ceramic tile. If a porcelain tile is chipped, the damage is generally invisible because the color is consistent throughout. The only routine maintenance required for porcelain is to seal the grout lines regularly.
Porcelain tiles are more likely to be used in high-moisture areas like the kitchen, bathroom, and washroom because of their high resistivity towards moisture and scratches while on the other hand, ceramic tiles are somewhat more prone to breaking and cracking. It is more because of the less density of the ceramic tiles which makes them more prone to moisture penetration and other scratches.
It is very much clear that the porcelain tiles have the upper hand in this section.
Strength And Resistance To Wear
Porcelain tiles due to the manufacturing process of the tile are more denser and less prone to wear and tear. They are subjected to less damage and have much greater strength when you compare them with ceramic tiles. This property of porcelain tiles makes them more suitable for commercial uses.
On the other hand, the resistivity and strength of ceramic tiles are not on par with porcelain tiles. It is recommended by the experts to not use them in outside applications because of their less strength and resistance to wear. It would be better to avoid using them in high-traffic areas.
In addition to all of the above things, porcelain tile works particularly well for pet owners. Porcelain is the ideal tile flooring option if you want a floor that resists stains effectively over time.
Aesthetic Option And Design Flexibility
Ceramic tiles provide a little edge to the customer when we talk about design flexibility and various options in terms of the design it provides to customers. It is one of the most diverse flooring options to be available in the market with a variety of colour options and designs available for selection. When you are trying to achieve your dream look, ceramic tiles provide more flexibility to an individual as they can mix and match different color options to find out their one.
However, on the other hand, porcelain tiles provide the luxury of a wide range of styles available in that particular tile. Porcelain tiles are very helpful and provide various appearances such as hardwood, natural stone, and limestone.
Maintenance And Longevity
Porcelain tiles are much denser than ceramic tiles which makes them harder and less resistant to moisture, as a result, they are less prone to damage and require less maintenance than ceramic tiles. With regular cleaning and only period sealing of the grout lines, they tend to work for many years.
On the other hand, ceramic tiles also don't require any special treatment for maintenance and regular cleaning would be enough to keep them clean. However, they are more prone to damage from moisture and crack which significantly reduces its longevity when compared to porcelain tiles.
The great features and designs of porcelain tiles also come at a much more expensive cost when compared to ceramic tile which is much cheaper than porcelain tiles. Because installing porcelain tiles will be more challenging, contractors are less interested in taking on the project. If you want to install these tiles, installation costs will be much higher. Porcelain tile is one of the most expensive to buy and install among the several types of tile flooring.
On the other hand, ceramic tile is cheaper to install than porcelain, hence doesn't require as much effort as porcelain does. The starting cost of porcelain tiles is much higher when you compare it to ceramic tiles. While ceramic tile is less expensive than porcelain tile, all other things being equal. On average, ceramic tile costs between 60 and 70 percent less than porcelain tile. Ceramic tiles are one the most affordable options available to the customer in flooring however maintenance cost is the thing which you have to bear in your mind while choosing ceramic ones.
Finally, one should keep in mind that the most expensive designer tiles often cost about the same whether they are made of ceramic or porcelain.
When deciding between ceramic tile and porcelain tile, there is no clear winner. Both are comparable building materials, and the majority of their forms work well as countertop surfaces, wall coverings, and flooring.
While you should check the tile's rating for the intended use floor rated tiles are normally thicker and the product will mention that this is an approved use—the decision between ceramic and porcelain tile ultimately comes down to whatever tile type you find visually appealing.
Majorly it comes down to the need of the customer as to what certain things they are looking for in their tile. Both ceramic and porcelain tiles require routine cleaning and sporadic grout line sealing but overall require little upkeep.
The decision between ceramic and porcelain tiles ultimately comes down to personal preference, intended use, and financial constraints. Porcelain tiles excel in durability and suitability for high-traffic areas, whereas ceramic tiles win in versatility and price. Making an informed choice can be facilitated by seeking professional advice and taking into account the particular needs of the space.